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AFDF visited WhiteHall Plantation.
April 24, 2023
Whitehall Plantation, Annapolis, MD
The Whitehall plantation was established in the mid-18th century by a wealthy merchant named Horatio Sharpe, who served as governor of Maryland from 1753 to 1769.
The plantation was primarily a tobacco plantation, with enslaved Africans and African Americans providing the labor to cultivate the crops. Enslaved Africans and African Americans played a significant role in the operation of the Whitehall plantation. The plantation relied on their labor to cultivate tobacco, which was the primary cash crop of Maryland at the time. Enslaved people on the Whitehall plantation performed a variety of tasks, including planting and harvesting crops, caring for livestock, cooking and cleaning, and maintaining the grounds and buildings. Enslaved people on the plantation lived in small cabins located in a cluster near the main house. These cabins were basic structures made of wood and had dirt floors and thatched roofs. Conditions for enslaved people on the Whitehall plantation were likely harsh, as they were subject to long hours of hard labor, inadequate food and clothing, and physical punishment for disobedience.